Elementary Music Curriculum 

  Music Standards and Benchmarks


Standard 1: Students, alone or with others, sing and/or play instruments using a varied repertoire of music. (National Standards 1 & 2)

Benchmarks : Grades K- 4.

Students will:
A. move, sing, and play with a steady beat
B. sing and play in rhythm and demonstrate beginning pitch recognition
C. sing and play using correct posture and breathing techniques
D. move, sing, and play expressively with appropriate dynamics, phrasing, and interpretation
E. perform easy rhythmic, melodic, and chordal patterns accurately on rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic classroom instruments
F. sing and play ostinati, partner songs, and rounds
G. respond to conducting cues
H. sing and play music representing various cultures and styles
I. demonstrate beginning ensemble skills
J. participate in a variety of musical ensembles

Benchmarks : Grades 5- 8.

Students will:
A. sing and/or play music in two or more parts using literature of progressive difficulty
B. demonstrate knowledge of proper breathing techniques and correct body and instrument position
C. sing and/or play with expression and technical accuracy
D. sing and/or play an expanding repertoire of music representing diverse cultures, genres, and styles
E. perform more complex rhythmic, melodic, and chordal patterns accurately on rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic instruments
F. respond to conducting cues with increased awareness of musical elements such as tempo, dynamics, and style
G. demonstrate improving ensemble skills



Standard 2: Students read and notate music. (National Standard 5)

Benchmarks : Grades K- 4.

Students will:
A. identify and read rhythmic patterns using whole, half, dotted half, quarter, and eighth notes and rests
B. read and notate simple melodic and rhythmic patterns using traditional and, when appropriate, nontraditional music notation
C. identify symbols and traditional terms that refer to dynamics, tempo, and meter
D. explore current music technology as available

Benchmarks : Grades 5- 8.

Students will:
A. identify and read rhythmic patterns using whole, half, dotted half, quarter, dotted quarter, eighth, triplet eighth, and sixteenth notes and rests in varied meter
B. identify, read, and notate melodic and rhythmic patterns using current music technology, traditional and, when appropriate, nontraditional music notation
C. identify the notes on a staff using the appropriate clef
D. identify sharp signs, flat signs, natural signs, and key signatures, and their functions in music being performed
E. identify and apply symbols and traditional terms that refer to dynamics, tempo, meter, and articulation



Standard 3:  Students create music. (National Standards 3 & 4)

Benchmarks : Grades K- 4.

Students will:
A. explore and express musical ideas through movement, singing, and playing instruments
B. create simple rhythmic and melodic patterns
C. create short compositions within a given framework
D. create short compositions using a variety of sound sources

Benchmarks : Grades 5- 8.

Students will:
A. express musical ideas using a variety of sound sources
B. create short compositions or arrangements using rhythmic, melodic, and/or harmonic patterns
C. improvise rhythmic, melodic, and/or harmonic patterns



Standard 4: Students listen to, respond to, analyze, evaluate, and describe music. (National Standards 6 & 7)

Benchmarks : Grades K- 4.

Students will:
A. respond to/describe music in a variety of ways
B. listen to a variety of musical styles and genres
C. listen to and identify simple musical forms
D. identify musical elements and expressive qualities using appropriate musical vocabulary
E. identify contrasts of timbre
F. evaluate musical works and performances using simple criteria
G. demonstrate appropriate audience behavior

Benchmarks : Grades 5- 8.

Students will:
A. listen to and identify a variety of musical styles and genres
B. listen to, identify, and describe simple musical forms
C. identify more advanced musical elements and expressive qualities using appropriate musical vocabulary
D. describe and respond to specific music events within a given work
E. describe contrasts of timbre
F. evaluate musical works and performances using expanding criteria
G. demonstrate appropriate audience behavior



Standard 5: Students understand music in relation to history and a variety of cultures. (National Standard 9)

Benchmarks : Grades K- 4.

Students will:
A. participate in cultural activities in an appropriate manner
B. identify how elements of music are used in examples from various cultures
C. identify the role of music and musicians in various cultures, using a variety of music resources such as, but not limited to, live music, recorded music, the internet and CD-ROMs

Benchmarks : Grades 5- 8.

Students will:
A. participate in cultural activities in an appropriate manner
B. describe how distinguishing characteristics of quality music are used in examples from various cultures
C. describe the role of music and musicians in history and various cultures, using a variety of music resources such as, but not limited to, live music, recorded music, the internet and CD-ROMs



Standard 6: Students understand relationships between music, the other arts,and disciplines outside the arts. (National Standard 8)

Benchmarks : Grades K- 4.

Students will:
A. identify the fine arts
B. identify similarities and differences in the meanings of common terms used in the various fine arts
C. demonstrate an awareness of music as a part of everyday life
D. identify ways in which the principles and subject matter of other school disciplines are interrelated with those of music

Benchmarks : Grades 5- 8.

Students will:
A. identify the fine arts
B. identify similarities an differences in the meanings of common terms used in the various fine arts
C. demonstrate an understanding that the fine arts often reflect the culture in which they were created


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